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Keimyung Medical Journal 1988;7(2):272-279.
Sociodemographic Variables and Type A Behavior Pattern Measured by the Student Jenkins Activity Survey
SJAS로 측정한 A 형행동양상과 사회인구학적인 변수
서석권
Abstract
To investigate the sociodemographic variables to enhance and maintain the Type A Behavior Pattern (TABP) socially by comparing the differences of sociodemographic variables of the A-B Behavior Pattern measured by the Student Jenkins Activity SurveyCSJAS; short form); the authors conducted a questionnaire survey using a medical school undergraduates(4l3) as a study population April to May; 1988. The cut-off point which divides into A-B Behavior Pattern was ±1 standard deviation of the total score of the SJAS(흐3; 높10); resulting in 61 TABP & 82 Type B Behavior Pattern CTBBP). The reliability coefficient of the total score of the SJAS measured by Cronbach's alpha was 0.72. In the family environments; there were no difference in the place raised; deceased father; age of father between TABP and TBBP. The Hollingshead's socioeconomic status index which was dichotomized by median value showed a statistically significant difference ; the high index group was 47.4% in TABP and 65.8% in TBBP(P=0.03). TABP showed little difference in age; sex; and proportion of those who have a religion compared with the TBBP. The proportion of those who suffered a failure more than once academically after entering the medical school was 19.7% in TABP and 35.4% in TBBP which was statistically significant(P二0.04). TABP was not different from TBBP in the habits of smoking and alcohol consumptions. The smaller proportion of the failure suffered in TABP than TBBP could explain the competitive and hard-driving aspects of the TABP and the socioeconomic status may exert a different influence on the socialization pressure leading to the formation of the TABP in the early life from the American's.
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